To simplify the construction of the résumés, we set the age for all applicants to 31, which is the median age at first parity for mothers in Stockholm Stockholms stad, In theory, motherhood penalties could be both smaller and larger in more qualified occupations. Sign In or Create an Account. To evaluate whether actual employers discriminate by gender and parenthood, we performed a correspondence test and sent fictitious applications for real jobs in the labour market, and recorded the callback rates for these applications. The fact that this study has been conducted in the Swedish context would lead us to expect gender discrimination in general to be low, but there is less certainty regarding the potential discrimination of mothers. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Does the motherhood wage penalty differ by individual skill and country family policy?
Diverse City is a project that looks at the mechanisms and strategies used by German cities to create a climate for the freedom of expression of gay people living in their territory.
Germany: VK initiatives to improve diversity management in the workplace
Women and Men in European Labour Markets. The Reversal of the Gender Gap in Education: When the phone number was called, a message was automatically played, informing the callers of the name of the person reached and requesting them to leave a message. The man is seen in the footage ranting at the crowd with what appears to be a Bible in his hand until he is approached by the cyclist. A welfare state paradox: